Political System

Kingdom of Morocco is a constitutional monarchy as it was first set forth in the constitution of 1962. The following constitutions till 2011 maintained the same provision. The king has the highest authority in the state, being the Commander of the Faithful (Amir Al Mouminine) and highest commander of the Royal Moroccan Armed Forces. The king has several authorities and powers such as choosing the prime minister from political party, which won the elections, removal of ministries and termination of the parliament and government, if necessary. The king also heads the Supreme Council of the Judiciary.

The Parliament of Morocco is the bicameral legislature. It is formed of two parliamentary chambers: the House of Representatives and the House of Councillors. The House of Representatives is formed of 395 members, who are elected directly for a five-year term, while the House of Councillors has not less than 90 and not more than 120 members. They are elected indirectly for a six-year term. The Parliament is composed of territorial groups, municipality councils, professional chambers and elected representatives.

Administrative division of regions

  • Tangier-Tetouan region.
  • Tagmuant and Rif region.
  • Fes-Meknes region.
  • Rabat-Sale-Kenitra region.
  • Beni Mellal-Khenifra region.
  • Casablanca-Settat region.
  • Draa-Tafilalet region.
  • Souss-Massa region.
  • Guelmim-Oued Noun region.
  • Laayoune-Sakia El Hamra region.
  • Dakhla-Oued Ed-Dahab region.

Political parties and currents and civil society organizations

Political parties represented in the Parliament of Morocco

  • Justice and Development Party: it is an Islamist party, which emerged from the Constitutional People Movement in 1997/ 125 seats.
  • Authenticity and Modernity Party: it emerged from the Movement of All Democrats formed in 2008/ 102 seats.
  • Istiqlal Party: it is an old party established before the independence of Morocco on 1944. It was headed by the leaders of the National Movement/ 46 seats.
  • National Rally of Independents Party: it is a centre-right party. It was formed in 1978/ 37 seats.
  • Popular Movement: it is one of the political parties, which were formed in 1959/ 27 seats.
  • Socialist Union of Popular Forces: it is a left wing party established in 1974 after the split from the National Union for Popular Forces, which emerged from Istiqlal Party/ 20 seats.
  • Constitutional Union Party: it is a right-wing party established in 1983/ 19 seats.
  • Party of Progress and Socialism: it is a left wing party/ 12 seats.
  • Democratic and Social Movement: it is a party established in 1997after split from the National Popular Movement/ 3 seats.
  • Green Left Party: it is a moderate left organization, which is concerned with environmental issues. It was established in 2010/ 2 seats.
  • The Federation of the Democratic Left: it is a conglomerate of several left parties and currents; the most prominent of which is the Party of the Unified Socialist Left and The National Vanguard Party/ 2 seats.
  • Unity and Democracy Party/ 1 seat.

Moroccan Civil Organizations

  • The Moroccan Human Rights Organization.
  • Moroccan Association for Human Rights.
  • The Moroccan League for the Defense of Human Rights (MLDHR).
  • Moroccan National Observatory for Children's Rights.
  • National Department for Public Funds Protection.
  • Federation of the Democratic League for Women's Rights.
  • The Union of Feminine Action.
  • The Moroccan Association for Women's Rights.
  • The Democratic Association for Women's Rights.
  • Lalla Salma Foundation - Prevention and Treatment of Cancers.
  • The Moroccan Association for the Fight against AIDS.
  • Bayti Association.
  • Maroc Cultures Association.