General Information

Geography and Population 

Kingdom of Morocco is located at North Africa. It is bordered to the north by the Mediterranean Sea and to the west by the Atlantic Ocean, where Strait of Gibraltar is located between both coasts. It is bordered to the south by Mauritania and to the east by Algeria. The total area of the Kingdom of Morocco is 710,850km2. The coastline is 3,500km long. Climate is generally mild, particularly in the north area, where rains are heavier in winter. However, winter is harsher in the internal regions and mountain area, where temperature decreases giving way to snowfall. Summer is hot and rains are rare. The varied climate led to variety of plants. The north is known for cedar forests, green oak, cork trees and Argania spinosa, while the arid or semi-arid zone and oases are known for halva plants and cactus. 

Population is around 33,848,242 according to 2014 statistics, where the population in the cities reaches 60.3% and the indigenous Amazigh (Berber) is over 60%. The rest of people are the descendents of Arab, Andalusian (Morskjon), African and Jewish origins. The official languages are Arabic and Tamazight, in addition to the French language which is still predominant among Moroccan people, in government dealings and education.

Morocco's predominant religion is Islam. Morocco's constitution of 2011 states that "Morocco is an Islamic country of entire sovereignty …" and that "Islam is the religion of the State, which guarantees to all the free exercise of belief." Furthermore, Morocco's constitution of 2011 stipulates that "The King is the Commander of the Faithful [Amir Al Mouminine], sees to the respect for Islam …". Ninety nine percent of the Moroccan people adopt the Maliki-Ashari school of Sunni Islam and follow Tariqat Junayd Al-Salek. There is a Jewish minority which coexisted for long with the other groups in the Moroccan society.


Road network

  • 57,334 km/ main and secondary roads.
  • 772 km/ Express ways.
  • 1,800 km/ highways.

Railway Roads

  • Railway road is 2,110km long.

Port Network

  • Kingdom of Morocco has 24 ports; of which there are 11 trade and fishing ports. The most important ports are Tangier Med, Casablanca, Safi, Mohammedia, Agadir, Nador-Beni Ansar and Jorf Lasfar.

Airport Network

  • Kingdom of Morocco has 56 airports; 12 thereof are international airports. The most important airports are Mohammed V International Airport, Rabat-Sale Airport, Agadir–Al Massira International Airport, Fes Saiss Airport, Marrakech Menara Airport, Tangier Ibn Battouta Airport, Sania Ramel Airport in Tetouan, Oujda Angads Airport, Hassan I Airport in El Aaiun, Cherif Al Idrissi Airport in Al Hoceima, Ouarzazate Airport and Nador Aroui International Airport.

Moroccan Most Important Universities

  • Mohammed V University at Agdal in Rabat.
  • Mohammed V University at Souissi in Rabat.
  • Moulay Ismail University in Meknes.
  • Al Qaraouyine University in Fes.
  • Sidi Mohamed Ben Abdellah University in Fes.
  • University of Hassan II in Muhammadiyah.
  • University of Ibn Tofail in Kenitra.
  • University of Ibn Zahr in Agadir.
  • Mohammed I University in Oujda.
  • Al Akhawayn (Private) University in Ifrane.
  • Cadi Ayyad University in Marrakech.
  • Chouaib Doukkali University in El Jadida.
  • Hassan First University in Settat.
  • University Hassan II in Ain Chock in Casablanca.
  • Abdul Malik Essaadi University in Tetouan.

There are various specialized institutions, including:

  • High Technology School.
  • Hassan II Institute of Agronomy & Veterinary Medicine.
  • Higher Institute of Information and Communication.
  • National Institute of Statistics and Applied Economics.
  • National Institute of Posts and Telecommunications.
  • The Higher Institute of Maritime Studies (ISEM).
  • The Higher Institute of Dramatic Art and Cultural Activation.
  • School of Tourism and Hospitality.
  • The Higher Institute of Fine Arts.